There is no continuity between the Mycenaean era and the time of Homer, where social structures reflected those of the Greek dark ages.
594-593 BC) forbade slaves from practising gymnastics and pederasty.By the end of the period, references become more common.The chattel helot is an individual deprived of liberty and forced to submit to an owner, who may buy, sell, or lease them like any other chattel.The academic study of Slavery in Ancient Greece is beset by significant methodological problems.The orator Hypereides, in his Against Areistogiton, recalls that the effort to enlist 15,000 male slaves of military age led to the defeat of the Southern Greeks at the Battle of Chaeronea (338 BC), which corresponds to the figures of Ctesicles.
According to the literature, it appears that the majority of free Athenians owned at least one slave.
It is difficult to estimate the number of slaves in ancient Greece, given the lack of a precise census and variations in definitions during that era.
It is certain that Athens had the largest slave population, with as many as 80,000 in the 6th and 5th centuries BC, on average three or four slaves per household.
Comedies and tragedies represented stereotypes while iconography made no substantial differentiation between slaves and craftsmen.
The names of common slaves show that some of them came from Kythera, Chios, Lemnos or Halicarnassus and were probably enslaved as a result of piracy.
The number of slaves working in the Laurium mines or in the mills processing ore has been estimated at 30,000.