The prostate gland lies just under the bladder, in front of the rectum.
Further testing for spread, if needed, can include CT scans, bone scans, MRI scans, and ultrasound.
If it appears that the prostate cancer has not spread, a surgeon (urologist) may first offer other options besides surgery.
Radical prostatectomy is an operation to remove the prostate gland and tissues surrounding it.
This usually includes the seminal vesicles and some nearby lymph nodes.
Radical prostatectomy is performed through this incision.
In rare cases, the incision is made in the perineum, the space between the scrotum and anus.Skilled surgeons can usually protect most of these nerves during radical prostatectomy.Still, complications from inadvertent nerve damage do occur after radical prostatectomy.During radical prostatectomy, the removed prostate is examined under a microscope to see if prostate cancer has reached the edge of the prostate. Most men stay in the hospital for one to three days after radical prostatectomy.A urinary catheter is inserted during the surgery, and some men may need to wear the catheter home for a few days to a few weeks.Laparoscopic prostatectomy In laparoscopic prostatectomy, surgeons make several small incisions across the belly.