Swedish Biblicist, Birger Gerhardsson, demonstrates the reliability of the sayings of Jesus as recorded in the Gospels from the teaching and memorisation methods of the Jewish rabbis and disciples at the time of Christ. L’origine et la date des évangiles, Éditions Saint-Paul, Paris 1994, pp.163-4 Resuscitò Cristo, Eparchia di Piana d.
German church historian Adolf von Harnack (1851-1930), a rationalist scholar of high repute among Protestants and Rationalists, said that the Synoptic Gospels were written before 70 A. He placed the Gospels of Mark and Luke before the year 60, and Acts in the year 62. We also have five major manuscripts from the 10th cent. D., pushed their successors closer and closer to those dates which traditionally were ascribed to the four Gospels and the Epistles of St Paul. After many years of doubt or denial on the question, he concluded that the Gospel of St John is by him and can be dated 80-118. A Student's Guide to Textual Criticism of the Bible. In this updated material taken from the new edition of Sheehan’s Apologetics, Fr Peter Joseph, affirms the reliability of the New Testament literature and questions the conventional theories about late dating. Joseph lectured at St John Vianney Seminary, Wagga Wagga, NSW. Codex Sinaiticus of the mid 4th century contains the entire New Testament. He must have made his disciples learn sayings off by heart; if he taught, he must have required his disciples to memorize.” The same evidence has been presented by Harald Riesenfeld, also of Sweden, and Thorleif Boman of Norway. Codex Bezae of the 5th century contains, inter alia, the four Gospels. His work The Birth of the Synoptic Gospels summarises twenty years of research on the Hebrew language background to the Gospels. Wenham, Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke, Hodder and Stoughton, London 1991, p.299.
Another codex of the 5th century contains three-fifths of the N. D.: portions of 19 verses of St Matthew; papyri of St John’s Gospel containing twelve complete chapters and portions of the other nine; 86 leaves of a codex containing portions of St Paul’s letters. Carmignac names forty-nine scholars who uphold the Semitic origin of one or other of the Gospels. This figure does not include the even more numerous early manuscripts of translations into Latin, Syriac, Coptic, Armenian, Georgian, Ethiopian, Gothic, Old Church Slavonic and other languages. Mazon, Introduction à l’Iliade, Société d’Édition Les Belles Lettres, Paris 1959, pp.7-65. The Life of Christ, Bruce, Milwaukee 1947, pp.98-141 Redating the New Testament, SCM Press, London 1976, p.345 Idem, p.13 Idem, p.352 Redating Matthew, Mark and Luke, op. Oral Tradition and Written Transmission in Rabbinic Judaism and Early Christianity, Gleerup, Uppsala, Sweden 1961; Préhistoire des Évangiles, Cerf, Paris 1981; The Gospel Tradition, Gleerup, Lund 1986 Memory and Manuscript, op.
Codex Vaticanus of the same period contains all the Gospels and most of the rest of the New Testament. French scholar Marcel Jousse in his own studies demonstrated the Semitic characteristics and rhythm of the sayings of Jesus as recorded in the Gospels.
Codex Alexandrinus of the early 5th century contains almost all the New Testament. Other scholars point also to the wide use of shorthand and the carrying of notebooks in the Graeco-Roman world, the practice in schools of circulating lecture notes, and the common practice among the disciples of rabbis to make notes of their sayings. French scholar Jean Carmignac was struck by the Semitisms (Hebrew or Semitic way of writing and speaking) of the Greek text of St Mark’s Gospel when in 1963 he began to translate it into Hebrew. Evang., 1911; The Date of Acts and the Synoptic Gospels, Williams & Norgate, London, and Putnam, N. Theologische Quartalsch., Tübingen 1929, IV, pp.443-4 See a list of fifteen scholars in J.
Whoever would dismiss the New Testament must logically reject all written sources of ancient history and literature. around 55 for Completed Mark; around 55-60 for Matthew; between 58 and 60 for Luke.
Author Work Date of writing Earliest complete copy Time span No. But the earliest dates are clearly more probable: Mark around 42; Completed Mark around 45; (Hebrew) Matthew around 50; (Greek) Luke a little after 50.” Based upon the same arguments, French philosopher and specialist in Hebrew thought Claude Tresmontant proposes the following dates: Matthew before 36, Mark 50-60, and Luke 40-60.
onward, and about 200 later manuscripts of complete or partial copies of the Iliad—but the earliest near complete manuscript is of the 10th cent. But the discovery of earlier and earlier fragments of manuscripts, the confirmation of the New Testament furnished by archaeological research, as well as the citation of the New Testament writings by Fathers of the early 1st century A.